Once the patient was randomized, Pre-operative planning and investigations were done and the patients were treated with DCP or LCDCP.
The age in the LCDCP group ranged from 18 to 58 years with a mean age of 38.
Fifteen fractures occurred in the middle one third of the diaphysis 8 in the DCP group and 7 in the LCDCP group.
In the LCDCP group, one patient had head injury which was managed conservatively, one had a type 2 open fracture of the tibia which was treated with an external fixator which was removed at 6 weeks and a cast applied, one patient had a supracondylar fracture of the contralateral humerus which was treated with open reduction and K-wire fixation, one patient had a fracture of the shaft of the right femur at the isthmus which was fixed with a K nail and one patient had a soft tissue injury of the ipsilateral knee.
In the LCDCP group there were 9 excellent and 6 good results.
In our study, we managed thirty patients with diaphyseal fractures of the humerus by compression plating, using DCP in 15 patients and LCDCP in 15 patients.
The time taken for clinical and radiological union in the LCDCP group was 10.
In the LCDCP group there were 60 percent excellent results and 40 percent good results.
Even though the number of excellent results is more in LCDCP group, it is not statistically significant as per chi square test ([chi square] = 0.
CONCLUSION: In our study we conclude that open reduction and internal fixation by compression plate technique using DCP or LCDCP gives excellent results with low complication rates and can be used whenever surgical treatment is indicated.
The difference in time for union between LCDCP and DCP was 0.