The effect of code-switching is often more visible in classrooms where the teacher is also not a first language speaker of the LOLT (Ncoko et al.
The teacher would revert between the learner's home language and the LOLT to give clarity to the learner's question.
The teacher would explain the topic in the LOLT and would then explain the topic in the learner's home language.
Translation--this occurred when a teacher would directly translate text from the LOLT to the learner's home language.
Introducing content activity: When new concepts are introduced to learners, learning content is provided to learners in micro-paragraphs, using the LOLT and then the same content is recreated in a different language using the learner's home language and presented to the learner.