Consistent with this hypothesis, when we run the same reduced form regression for GDP per capita we find that the coefficients on f(DISTMIN), AFF and SELF are each negative and significant at 10%, while that on LPOP
is positive and significant at 1%; when Australian and New Zealand fixed effects are added to the GDP equation neither is significantly different from zero (p=0.
Plants in the LPOP did not reach 65% fiber development until 102 and 87 DAP in those years.
The majority of the fiber from the LPOP came from flowers tagged later in the season in both years.
In general, LPOP plants produced bolls of greater mass than bolls from the HPOP in both 1992 (Fig.
In 1993, similar micronaire trends were observed with significantly greater micronaire in the LPOP at the first and second sympodial positions (data not shown).
However, because of favorable late-season weather during the experiment period, LPOP plants produced enough fiber to overcome the disadvantage of their lower plant population density.
Abbreviations: DAP, days after planting; HPOP, high plant population; HU, heat units; HUBP, heat units accumulated during boll development of each week of flowers; LPOP, low plant population; SL, span length.
LpOps 1-4 and LpOps5 coexpression in rhabdoms in LE retinular cells and giant VE photoreceptors was confirmed with immunocytochemical assays.
The higher concentration of LpOps 1-4 compared to LpOps5 in rhabdoms may be a consequence of the translation of mRNAs transcribed from all four genes in the LpOps1-4 gene cluster compared to the single LpOpsS gene, and indirect evidence suggests that all LpOps1-4 genes are transcribed.
Although the ratio of LpOps 1-4 to LpOps5 in LE rhabdoms during the night in the dark is 4:1, this ratio is not stable; rather, it changes with a diurnal rhythm.
During the day in the light, when clock input to LEs is silent, the concentration of Rh-LpOps 1-4 does not change significantly even though LpOps 1-4-containing membranes are continuously shed from rhabdoms by a process called light-driven shedding (Fig.
However, results of electrophysiological studies showed that LpOps5 is a LWS opsin and that its spectral sensitivity is indistinguishable from LpOps 1-4 (Battelle et al.