Secondly, the MCNZ states that since 2004 they have not always recorded previous health qualifications of registered midwives (MCNZ, private correspondence, 2015), meaning that an unknown number of midwives with a previous nursing qualification will have been misclassified as "midwife-only LMCs" in the study.
Thirdly, New Zealand-educated midwives will have been misclassified: where they have registered with the MCNZ on graduation from their undergraduate midwifery degree but not taken up their annual practising certificate in the first year after qualifying.
In New Zealand, four metropolitan institutions (two in each of the North and South Islands) are accredited by the MCNZ to offer a Bachelor of Midwifery (BMid).
In 2010, after gaining MCNZ accreditation, the midwifery department where this research was conducted, began teaching a new undergraduate midwifery curriculum to 75 first year students.
The MCNZ required students to attend one third of their academic teaching at the main campus, to enable face-to-face teaching, clinical skills learning and tutorials with their student cohort (School of Nursing and Midwifery, 2009).
The MCNZ considers the prescription of opioid drugs to be within the midwifery scope of practice (MCNZ, 2011); midwives are legally able to prescribe a Class B controlled drug under the Medicines Act 1981 and Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 and their Amendments and Regulations.
On the 5th of April 2011 the MCNZ and NZCOM filed a submission to the Health Select Committee supporting the intent of the upcoming Medicines Amendment Bill to review and amend the Misuse of Drugs Act.
To gauge the representativeness of those midwives who participated in this survey, their demographics have been compared to those captured by the MCNZ
workforce data (2006).