MFCMA reauthorization is on a 5-year cycle (Table 1, Legislative and Legal Actions column).
The 1996 reauthorization of the MFCMA was realized by passage of the Sustainable Fisheries Act (SFA) of 1996 (P.
Implementation of the MFCMA
further curtailed efforts (Mayo, 1998).
During the same period (mid-1970's to 1990) that the population of Steller sea lions in Alaska was declining, the groundfish fisheries underwent a transformation induced primarily by the passage of the MFCMA (Megrey and Wespestad, 1990).
One of the principal objectives of the MFCMA is to promote full domestic use of the offshore fisheries of the United States.
While the increase in size of some trawl exclusion zones during the pollock "A" season was due to concerns about the effects that redistribution would have on the ESA-listed sea lion, NMFS implemented these regulations as FMP amendments, working through the NPFMC under the auspices of the MFCMA (Gerber, 1993).
domestic fishing and processing sectors, a philosophy consistnet with the intent of the MFCMA.
3); and by 1991, as a result of the joint mandates of the MFCMA and AFPA, the entire North Pacific groundfish fisheries within U.
Fisheries management, as codified by the MFCMA
and various Federal rules, is a political process dominated by strategic bargaining on the part of its participating interest groups.
fisheries policy in the decade following the introduction of the MFCMA in 1976, and some of the key responsibilities of the Department of State.
Following MFCMA passage, one of the first challenges we faced at the Department of State was the negotiation of bilateral framework agreements with foreign countries which desired to fish in the U.
The MFCMA also gives the Department of State responsibility over the allocation of fish to foreign countries which have concluded GIFA's and which apply to fish in the U.