Guided by the provisions of the Constitution, MHRBs must adhere to the values espoused in these human rights instruments and assist in promoting and protecting the human rights of people with mental disorder and intellectual disability.
Two MHRBs have been in operation since implementation of the MHCA, dealing with applications from the various inpatient facilities, community psychiatric outpatient clinics and long-term care and rehabilitation centres in the northern and southern parts of the province.
The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the Act's impact by means of an audit of the number and origin of applications for involuntary admissions of MHCUs made to the MHRBs by the various institutions in Gauteng in 2008.
The study population consisted of all MHCUs for whom applications for CTR without consent were made to the MHRBs in accordance with the MHCA during the period January-December 2008.
During the 1-year study period the two MHRBs received a total of 3 803 applications for inpatient care, of which 66.
During the study period 1 226 applications were received by the MHRBs for outpatient CTR, of which the majority (approximately 92%) were for assisted outpatient CTR (Fig.
During the study period the MHRBs received 3 805 such reports.
Because this is a retrospective study of information captured on the database of the secretariat of the MHRBs, it is likely that some data were missing and perhaps incorrectly captured.
An interesting and important follow-up study would be to investigate whether the MHRBs are complying with the Act themselves, whether they submit their forms to the High Court judges correctly, and whether the judges agree with their process.