In the following subsections we will demonstrate that in both cases, our approximate MOSOP
optimization methodology yields optimal solutions that match the best results from what-if scenarios of Appendix A.
In October 1990, MOSOP
presented The Ogoni Bill of Rights (OBR) to the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
But, as the MOSOP
president says, the taste of the pudding will be in the eating.
Was it not likely that, in Nigerian conditions, a mass movement such as MOSOP
would end in violence and intimidation, however pacific its leaders' intentions?
In particular, youths from the Ijaw ethnic group, Nigeria's fourth largest and the dominant group in the riverine areas of the Niger Delta, have begun to mobilize across the fragmented territories and linguistic sub-groups of the Ijaw people, along the same lines as MOSOP
Vincent Idemyor, president of MOSOP
, said reports of asthma, bronchitis, skin diseases and emphysema have grown.
has been fighting to prevent what they have described as a genocide of their people caused by the widespread exploitation of the region's huge oil resources.
also raised its voice for self determination in Ogoniland.
The key moment for the struggle in Ogoniland was the execution by the then military regime of MOSOP
leader Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other activists (Birnbaum 1995) during a campaign of repression that saw troops shoot demonstrators, extrajudicial executions, widespread rapes, the destruction of villages, and mass displacements of population (Human Rights Watch 1995, Corby 2011); the full total of deaths is unclear but estimates range up to 2,000.
, for instance, purports that "the fundamental problem of Nigeria is the centralization of state and economic powers which has led to the abject marginalisation and impoverishment of minority groups and to some extent other non-ruling groups" (The Guardian, 27 June 1994: 5).
The Ogoni Solidarity Forum (OSF), a civil society organization based in Port HarcourtEo s coordinator, Celestine AkporBari it is an indication that the "Ogoni people had been pushed to the wall", even though the declaration by Diigbo faction of MOSOP
had not received the backing of the entire Ogonis.
Yet, Michael Watts argues that a legacy of MOSOP
is the bitter and violent inter-ethnic struggles over territory, and such is the case because MOSOP
made "the politics of territory and property of central concern".