Shortly after the MSFCMA
passed in 1976, the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council started work on a shark fishery management plan but stopped owing to inadequate information.
Complying with MSFCMA mandates has been difficult in the fishery for reef fishes in the northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) because of high fishing effort and the diversity of fisheries that target reef fishes or catch them as nontargeted bycatch (Coleman et al.
The MSFCMA requires that overfished stocks be rebuilt while bycatch and bycatch mortality simultaneously are reduced to the extent practicable (MSFCMA, 2007), but the current Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council (GMFMC) reef fish fishery management plan contains no direct management measures, or penalties, that regulate discard composition or rates in this fishery (GMFMC, 2004).
The 111th Congress may consider measures to reauthorize the MMPA, address aquatic habitat concerns, provide funding for disaster assistance, and address fishery-specific concerns, as well as conducting oversight of MSFCMA implementation.
The MSFCMA was reauthorized in the final hours of the 109th Congress by P.
The 110th Congress may consider measures to reauthorize the MMPA, address aquatic habitat concerns, modify or extend fishery disaster assistance, and address fishery-specific concerns, as well as conducting oversight of MSFCMA
would extensively amend the MSFCMA
to implement ecosystem-based
National standard 9 of the MSFCMA
requires that "conservation and management measures shall, to the extent practicable, (A) minimize bycatch and (B) to the extent bycatch cannot be avoided, minimize the mortality of such bycatch" (16 U.
Macpherson (2001) argues that the 1996 amendments to the MSFCMA
and NMFS interpretive guidelines provide some statutory basis for managing fisheries using ecosystem principles by increasing information, facilitating consideration of interrelated impacts, and improving managers' ability to learn from experience.
Since passage of the MSFCMA
, northern rockfish have been assigned to various management groupings (Table 4).
was first authorized in 1976, following establishment of the U.
Passage of the MSFCMA
in 1976 ushered in a whole new era of fishery management in the North Pacific.