Table 1 shows the prevalence of acute malnutrition based on MUAC
values for each of the age groups.
Mid upper-arm circumference (MUAC
) was measured using a standard MUAC
23,24 A decrease in mortality and morbidity rates of dialysis patients have been found to be associated with increase in BMI, TFF and MUAC
, particularly in patients with a BMI of 23 kg/m2 or higher.
was measured using non-stretch tapes at the midpoint between the lateral acromion and distal olecranon process when arm flexed to 90 degrees at the elbow.
is a much simpler anthropometric measure than the BMI, as its use eliminates the need for expensive equipment, such as height charts and scales, and the need for calculations.
Optimal screening of children with acute malnutrition requires a change in current WHO guidelines as MUAC
and WHZ identify different patient groups.
Finally, large scale multicenter studies are needed to determine the accuracy and reliability of NC in identifying overgrowth and obesity in the Iranian pediatric population and to compare it with other assessment parameters (namely WH, BMI, MUAC
, and TST) before recommending it as a screening tool in pediatric care and/or research.
Various studies have been conducted on the performance of MUAC
in diagnosing SAM, of which majorities were hospital-based and very few were community-based studies.
The mean values of the estimated current weight, MUAC
, TSF, MAMC, and calf circumference decreased significantly during the patients' stay in the ICU.
A South Sudanese boy has a MUAC
test, designed to detect malnutrition (Photo: ACF-South Sudan/T.
It uses MUAC
and BMI techniques for gauging the child and mother growth respectively.
However, measurements of middle of the Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC
) has been adopted an easy, quick and precise method to detect malnutrition in children under five year age group18 MUAC
is better indicator to observe nutritional status in children in emergency situations.