By 1994, the NABSW
stated that although same-race adoptions are preferred, transracial adoptions should be considered in certain situations--a starkly different opinion from their 1972 position statement.
The NABSW took its position just five years after the 1967 Supreme Court case, Loving v.
Instead, the NABSW, along with a number of black adoption agencies, argue that families of color are routinely passed over in favor of white families.
After its release, this position paper by NABSW
argumentatively set the tone regarding transracial adoption for nearly two decades.
also opposes placing biracial children with white parents.
KENNEDY, supra note 7, at 393-98; Bartholet, supra note 11, at 1179-82 (discussing the opposition by NABSW
and others to transracial adoption in the early 1970s).
A number of white scholars dismissed the position of the NABSW
as "militant" or insensitive to the needs of children languishing in foster care without learning from or taking seriously the substantive concerns of scholars of color who raised these issues.
5 National Associa- GPA; must demonstrate community tion of Black service, express interest in Social Workers researching the Black commu- c/o Scholarship nity, be an active NABSW
mem- Committee ber; applicants must submit a 8436 W.
Joined by other groups such as the Children's Defense Fund, the NABSW
later lobbied against the 1996 bill that removed restrictions on transracial adoption.
Meanwhile, the NABSW
called attention to three circumstances that negatively affected the status of African American children in the child welfare system.
demonstrate community Detroit, MI 48221 service, express interest in researching the Black community, be an active NABSW
member; applicants must submit a two-page type-written purpose letter, two letters of recommendation and both a financial and an official academic transcript.
Some parents who had adopted transracially were offended, however, by the NABSW
resolution, perceiving it as not based in truth and disagreeing with the assertion that they were not capable of parenting their adoptive children of color adequately (Hermann, 1993).