Instead, the NABSW, along with a number of black adoption agencies, argue that families of color are routinely passed over in favor of white families.
The NABSW has claimed that its resolution, and the position paper that followed, was directed not at children or parents.
Transracial adoption must be considered within the larger discussion of the impoverishment and annihilation of black families and communities, the NABSW argued, along with numerous community groups.
For some this smacks of the very cultural genocide the NABSW warned against.
In 1994, the NABSW softened their position by saying that transracial adoption may be considered, but only after "documented evidence of unsuccessful same-race placements have been reviewed and supported by appropriate representatives of the African American community.
The NABSW ("Preserving," 1994) subsequently modified its position on transracial adoption.
The history of the NABSW position on transracial adoption may be better understood by examining the African American family from a symbolic interactionist standpoint.
The NABSW (cited in Simon & Alstein, 1977) indicated that African American children could "receive [a] total sense of themselves and develop a sound projection of their future" only in African American families (p.
The position taken by the NABSW (cited in McRoy, 1989, and Simon & Alstein, 1977) therefore can be considered a lived example of a collective identity and as clarifying the group identity that Africa-descended people require.