Enacting the NCLBA
to "close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind," (151) Congress spoke specifically to English language acquisition by ELLs.
Forty-eight of 49 states that responded to our survey said that annual expenditures for ESEA assessments have increased since NCLBA
Clearly the remedial actions dictated by the NCLBA
will be unsuccessful if the method of identifying poorly performing schools is flawed.
The state department also issues three alternative route certificates that do not meet the NCLBA
criteria: the Alternative Baccalaureate-Level Certificate, the Special Alternative Certificate, and the Preliminary Certificate (Alabama Education News, 2003b).
We contend that the NCLBA
(2001) represents a set of strategies and action steps that could well be based on the recommendations of the Learned and Bagley (1920) report.
What are the characteristics of ACPs in the published literature and how many meet the NCLBA
requirement of producing highly qualified teachers?
after being identified as nonperforming, the NCLBA
requires the local
Writing for the Congressional Quarterly, Anjetta McQueen calls the NCLBA
the "most ambitious overhaul ever of the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
To determine how, if at all, student access to arts education has changed since NCLBA
, the Congress asked: (1) has the amount of instruction time for arts education changed and, if so, have certain groups been more affected than others, (2) to what extent have state education agencies' requirements and funding for arts education changed since NCLBA
, (3) what are school officials in selected districts doing to provide arts education since NCLBA
and what challenges do they face in doing so, and (4) what is known about the effect of arts education in improving student outcomes?
Explicit in the arguments surrounding Sputnik, A Nation at Risk, and NCLBA
, is a worldview based on zero-sum competition.
Currently, the NCLBA
is predicated almost exclusively on the notion of America's schools failing to prepare students to compete in a world economy.
The "problem" created by NCLBA
is a lack of "highly qualified" teachers; the Ready to Teach Act "solves" that problem by regulating how teachers are trained.