As is generally known, this type of question has many limitations, especially if the intent is to measure highly complex cognitive skills (AERA, APA, NCME
, 1999) .
16-17) further cites the previously referenced book of standards for the development of tests on humans (AERA, APA, & NCME
AERA (American Educational Research Association), APA (American Psychological Association), & NCME
(National Council on Measurement in Education).
The process of determining construct validity is never finished (Shultz, Riggs, & Kottke, 1999; AERA, APA, & NCME
, 1999), but accumulation of data over multiple sites across multiple years will enable improvement and refinement of assessment, and contribute to the accountability that society expects of teacher preparation programs.
Or so might the Joint Standards (AERA, APA, NCME
In a major joint effort to address concerns about classroom assessment and delineate teacher assessment literacy, the American Federation of Teachers, the National Council on Measurement in Education, and the National Education Association developed seven Standards for Teacher Competence in Educational Assessment of Students (AFT, NCME
, & NEA, 1990).
A similar vision lay behind the formation of NCME
will survey as many professional midwifery education opportunities as possible for a comprehensive directory to be updated yearly and available beginning Fall 1991.
3, in the chapter on testing individuals with disabilities, indicates "Where feasible, tests that have been modified for use with individuals with disabilities should be pilot tested on individuals who have similar disabilities to investigate the appropriateness and feasibility of the modifications" (AERA, APA, & NCME
, 1999, p.
instructional module on formula scoring of multiple choice tests (correction for guessing).
This finding is consistent with the Standards for Teacher Competence in Educational Assessment of Students (AFT, NCME
, NEA, 1990).
In response to the growth of interest in converting conventional P&P tests to computerized forms in cognitive ability assessment over the last two decades, the 1985 version of the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, & NCME
, 1985) raised the concern for the parallelism of test forms when conventional and computerized tests are used interchangeably.