NHOPINative Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders
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NHOPIs generally experience greater health disparities than does the U.
Although NHOPIs are a relatively small and invisible population in the United States, their federal classification, unique status as a diverse multiracial population, and impoverished condition provide compelling reasons for social workers to be informed about their circumstances.
For this article, we examined social work knowledge on NHOPIs as presented in the periodical literature published from 1995 to 2004.
We surveyed periodical literature in social work that focused on NHOPIs in the period from 1995 to 2004.
Most journals had only one article that discussed NHOPIs, but one journal had five articles.
In the 32 articles reviewed, 17 articles (53 percent) used the rubric "Asian and Pacific Islanders" and aggregated information on NHOPIs with the larger, and equally diverse, Asian American population (see Table 2).
Whites, Blacks, and Asians usually (>90 percent for each) reported a single race/ethnicity, while single responses were less common for Hispanics (24 percent), NHOPI (44 percent), and AIAN (24 percent) (Table 2).
Because of the highly accurate identification of Whites and Blacks in the EDB, we focused in the final analyses on the smaller, less completely ascertained groups, comparing Hispanics, Asians, NHOPI, and AIAN who are and are not identified as such in the EDB.
Hispanics, Asians, and NHOPI recorded in the Medicare EDB were more concentrated in California, while AIAN in the Medicare EDB were generally found west of the Mississippi.
NHOPI identified as Asian/Pacific Islander in the EDB have much higher rates of stroke and ADL limitations than Whites but their counterparts not identified in the EDB are similar to Whites on these measures.
Among self-reported Hispanics in CAHPS, 76 percent checked at least one race as well, and likewise 76 percent of AIAN and 57 percent of NHOPI selected multiple categories; it is unknown how many of these would have reported these categories if they had to choose only one.
In conclusion, the experiences of publishing social work research focused on Native Hawaiian youths as part of a federally funded project suggest reasons behind the lack of studies on NHOPIs described by Mokuau et al.