Government program managers point to the complementary nature of longterm-based NITRD to the private sector's competitive focus on short-term research and rapid product development.
Agencies involved in the collaborative NITRD include the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Advanced Simulation and Computing (DOE/NNSA), the DOE's Office of Science, NASA, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Science Foundation (NSF).
The collaborative research agenda of the NITRD agencies is carried out in Program Component Areas, or PCAs, that focus on particular aspects of fundamental, long-term research in computing and networking technologies.
The total NITRD budget for FY 2004 is just less than $2 billion with the NSF arm NIH combining for more than half of the total budget.
The NITRD is an interagency effort to coordinate key advances in information technology (IT) research and leverage funding into broader advances in computing and networking technologies.
NITRD research emphases are focused on six program component areas (also called PCAs): high-end computing research; human computer interaction and information management; large-scale networking; software design and productivity; high-confidence software and systems; and social, economic, and workforce implications of IT and IT workforce development.