By the time that the NIYC assumed sponsorship of the workshops in 1967, its leaders and workshop alumni had testified before Congress and spoken before the vice president, the secretary of the interior, and the commissioner of Indian Affairs.
These were superficial changes compared to the way the NIYC reorganized the curriculum, however.
Protests, occasionally sponsored by the NIYC and more often than not the impulses of localized student anger and rebellion, forced academic institutions to create American Indian or Native American studies programs, the majority of which still flourish today.
Warrior's first three years in the NIYC were primarily spent attending college, fund-raising, attempting to professionalize the organization, and visiting various regional youth councils to recruit, energize, and agitate his fellow American Indian students.
9) This issue in particular contributed to the birth of the NIYC.
The newsletter had been created to keep all members of the NIYC abreast of political and cultural events as they happened from region to region and tribe to tribe.
He ended the article by placing the responsibility for finding an alternative to the situation firmly with the NIYC to forge a new path rather than simply following the example of tribal leaders, saying, "The National Indian Youth Council must introduce to this sick room of stench and anonymity some fresh air of new Indianness.
At the AICCP the attendant youth caucus, which included fellow NIYC members Robert Dumont (Cree) and Tillie Walker (Mandan), took the position that in order to combat poverty among American Indians the government needed to adopt a "cultural framework that respected traditional tribal values.
Warrior went on to discuss the American Indian Chicago Conference of 1961 and the birth of the NIYC.
In stark contrast to the platform and direction of the SAI, AIM and the NIYC represented a dialectic reversal of Indian goals, identity, and tactics on the national level.
Clearly, from the inception of the SAI through the founding of the NIYC and AIM, national Indian organizations were adapting platforms and missions to the economic, political, and ideological climates in which they found themselves.
The NCAI, NIYC, and AIM also parlayed ancestral charter, in terms of inherent sovereignty, a trail of broken treaties, and the notion of Indian culture (Lurie 1968).