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NSFNETNational Science Foundation Network
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La red optica mas utilizada para desarrollar simulaciones de redes WDM es la NSFNET o National Science Foundation Network (Ver figura 11), esta red se simulo con 14 nodos y 21 enlaces similarmente a los trabajos mostrados en (Rodriguez et al.
structure, which continued to be used for many years after NSFNet was
Esta red se convertiria posteriormente en NSFNet (National Science Foundation Network).
In 1988, NSFNET only connected users in the United States, France, and Canada, but ten to twelve countries were added each of the next five years, with the pace quickening to twenty-one in 1994.
During the NSFNET era, the NSFNET backbone was the only game in town,
The same is true for the homogeneous NSFNET topology (Fig 4).
The proliferation of networks started with NSFNET, a sort of clone of the second generation ARPANET used by NSF researchers, opening up connections to small commercial networks.
From a technical standpoint, the work on Project MAC and other time-sharing systems in the 1960s laid the groundwork for the ARPANet in the 1970s, the NSFNet in the 1980s, and the commercial Internet in the 1990s and beyond.
Posteriormente, la NSF (National Science Fundation) crea su propia red informatica llamada NSFNET, mas tarde absorbe a ARPANET, estableciendo una gran red con propositos cientificos y academicos, se crean nuevas redes de libre acceso que se unen a NSFNET, formando el embrion de lo que hoy conocemos como INTERNET.
The Internet evolved out of the National Science Foundation's NSFNET backbone, which was created in 1986 (and decommissioned in 1997) to provide universities all over the country with access to federally funded supercomputing centers located at five major universities.
8) REUNA: Red Universitaria Nacional, 1986 REUNA comenzo operando como una organizacion cooperativa de interconexion universitaria; en 1991 se constituyo como una corporacion de derecho privado sin fines de lucro y un ano despues, gracias a la autorizacion de la National Science Foundation (NSF)--Estados Unidos- y al aporte de CONICYT, Fundacion Andes y la OEA, se conecta a Internet a traves de la red NSFNet.
In 1984 the NSF began a program to fund research in networking and created the first large backbones for NSFNet, successor to the CSNET and Arpanet.