23) Battle and nonbattle
"are the double object of war, according to a criterion that does not coincide with the offensive and the defensive, or even with war proper and guerrilla warfare" (Deleuze and Guattari 1987, 417).
Marine casualty data from Vietnam alone reveals that only a third of hospital admissions were for wounds incurred as a result of combat action; two-thirds of hospitalized personnel suffered from diseases and, in lesser numbers, nonbattle
Historically, more deaths occur in armies from accidents, disease and nonbattle
injuries than from hostile fire, said USASC deputy director COL John Frketic.
Food and clothing shortages contributed to many nonbattle
casualties during the winter of 1950-51.
forces may face from biological and chemical warfare, as well as from nonbattle
hazards such as infectious diseases.
In Europe, in the fall of 1944 during the Lorraine campaign American forces suffered the loss of 46,000 troops-the equivalent of three infantry divisions-to disease and nonbattle
While knowledge regarding the effects of disease on war fighting increased, disease and nonbattle
injuries continued to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the US Army.
Among recently returning veterans, an increase in the prevalence of PTSD has been associated with multiple factors, including (1) exposure to combat , (2) battle versus nonbattle
injuries , (3) increase of deployment intensity and duration , and (4) blast injuries as opposed to other mechanisms of injury .
History has taught us that comprehensive health surveillance is necessary to mitigate the loss of combat effectiveness caused by nonbattle
injuries or illness.
The major headings include: killed in action (KIA), died of wound(s) received in action (DOW), wounded in action (WIA), and disease and nonbattle
An important task of medical planning involves the inevitable occurrence of disease and nonbattle
injury (DNBI) hospitalizations in deployed troops.
In the last decade, improvements in healthcare and in detecting and protecting against health threats have significantly reduced disease and nonbattle
injury (DNBI) rates in theater.