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For convenience, two algorithms DGSO that used the diversity-guided operator and OGSO that is the opposition-based algorithm without diversity-guided operator are compared.
Experiments are carried out on 19 benchmark functions to demonstrate that the proposed DGSO performs much better results than the other four GSOs including RDGSO, OGSO, RGSO, and GSO.
Manner of Manner of Algorithms initialization evolutionary operators GSO Random Random RGSO Random Opposition-based learning OGSO Opposition-based Opposition-based learning learning RDGSO Random Opposition-based learning and diversity-guided operator DGSO Opposition-based Opposition-based learning and learning diversity-guided operator Table 4: Average fitness values tested on benchmark functions (D = 30).