Committee on Road Tunnels, "Fire and Smoke Control in Road Tunnels" PIARC
- World Road Association, 1999.
Now 100 years old, PIARC
was created in Paris in 1909 as an apolitical non-profit organization.
, 2007a, Framework for Sustainable Development in Road Transport, Committee TC 2.
, NFPA and several European countries are rethinking fixed fire suppression application for tunnels.
The critical value of predicted accidents is calculated by the formula given in the PIARC
Road Safety Manual:
The programme will also include a special workshop on tunnel construction, developed in co-operation with the International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (ITA) and the PIARC
(World Road Association)," he revealed.
ASHRAE), Atlanta, GA, 2007 PIARC
Fire and Smoke Control in Road Tunnels, World Road Association (PIARC
), Paris, France, 1999 European Union Directive 2004/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on minimum safety requirements for tunnels in the trans-European road network, 29 April 2004 United Nations Economic Council, Economic Commission for Europe, Inland Transport Committee, Recommendations of the Group of Experts on Safety in Road Tunnels, 10 December 2001
Rhodes is the former secretary of the PIARC
(Permanent International Association of Road Congresses now called the World Road Association) working group on fire and smoke control in tunnels, and is co-author of the following publications: Fire & Smoke Control in Tunnels, Systems and Equipment for Fire and Smoke Control in Road Tunnels, Operational Strategies for Emergency Ventilation, Design Fire Characteristics for Road Tunnels, A Guide to Optimizing Air Quality Impact Upon the Environment, and An Assessment of Fixed Fire Fighting Systems.
is the World Road Association which unites national road organizations in 129 states.
For example, the World Road Association PIARC
gives the following recommendations for the design of central islands at roundabouts.
The new PIARC
report on fire and smoke control in road tunnels.
Pavement Selection for Preventive Maintenance Projects," 1999 PIARC
Annual Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1999.