The mean onset time of PD in the POPD group was 14.
Compared with the healthy pregnant women without POPD, the women with POPD had a higher rate of the existence of an anxiety or depressive disorder at the onset of pregnancy (Table 1).
0%) of the women with POPD had an additional mood or anxiety disorder Comorbidity of any anxiety disorders (55.
7%, respectively In addition, the prevalence rate of any cluster C personality disorder avoidant, passive-aggressive and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders were significantly greater in the POPD group than that in the control pregnant women without PD (Table 2).
In the current study, the primary research questions were as follows: what are the frequencies of POPD among pregnant women receiving prenatal care in the obstetrics sector?
In the present study the incidence rate of POPD was 1.
To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the incidence rate of POPD and to investigate comorbid conditions and predictors of POPD among pregnant women.
Because there is no other study to examine the incidence rate of POPD, comparing our results with those of previous similar studies is difficult.
Cognitive factors are likely to be a contributing factor to POPD in pregnancy POPD symptoms in women may be caused by their catastrophic cognitive assessment of bodily sensations, which are physiologically normative during pregnancy Similarly Cowley and Roy-Byrne (5) reported that increased heart and respiratory rates, which are physiologically normative during pregnancy may also contribute to anxiety as panic attacks may result from catastrophic cognitive reactions to normal physiological events.
In the current study the existence of any anxiety disorder and major depression at the onset of gestation was a strong factor in predicting the occurrence of POPD during pregnancy These results suggest that a patient's past psychiatric history and current symptoms represented diatheses for POPD and that the past psychiatric history together with the current symptoms must be carefully assessed and factored into the treatment decisions.
In the current study, the findings showed that the pregnant women with POPD were nearly five times more likely than the pregnant women without POPD to meet any cluster C personality disorder The most common cluster C personality disorders described in patients with POPD are avoidant personality disorders followed by obsessive-compulsive, passive-aggressive and dependent personality disorders.
1) The onset time of POPD in pregnant women was established with retrospective recall rather than a prospective observation.