74, respectively, showing that PPEI scales are reliable for the current sample in this study.
The initial structural model was specified with direct paths from acculturation, self-esteem, and PPEI to the two educational outcome measures.
This model portrays the mediating role of PPEI between acculturation and two academic outcomes.
Four paths from self-esteem to each dimension of PPEI were added to the initial model and a chi-square difference test was performed to compare this model to the initial model.
Longitudinal research will also be necessary to examine the direction of causality and to test the longevity of the effects of PPEI, acculturation, and self-esteem.