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Abbreviations: CLBP = chronic low back pain, MI = multiple imputation, PSE = pain self-efficacy, PSEQ = Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, SD = standard deviation, SEM = structural equation modeling, SF-36 = Short Form-36 Health Status Questionnaire, SF-MPQ = Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire.
Measure Possible Range Sample Range Minimum Maximum Minimum Maximum SF-MPQ 1 5 1 5 PSEQ 0 60 6 57 SF-Bio 0 100 0 80 SF-Psy 0 100 8 88 SF-Soc 0 100 0 100 PSEQ = Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, SF-36 = Short Form-36 Health Status Questionnaire, SF-Bio = SF-36 Biological subscale, SF-MPQ = Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire, SF-Psy = SF-36 Psychological subscale, SF-Soc = SF-36 Social subscale.
However, the PSEQ is more strongly associated with perceived work capacity in injured workers with chronic pain than is the SES, which does not incorporate the presence of pain as a context (Gibson and Strong 1996).
High PSEQ scores are strongly associated with clinically-significant functional levels and provide a useful gauge for evaluating outcomes in chronic pain patients (Nicholas 2007).
By specifying the nature of the obstacle to be faced (pain), the PSEQ provides more clinically-useful information than simply asking someone about their confidence in performing an activity.
Abbreviations: HADS = Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, MCS = (SF-12) Mental Component Score, MPI = Multidimensional Pain Inventory, MSES = Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale, PCS = (SF-12) Physical Component Score, PRSS-Catastrophizing = Pain-Related Self-Statements Scale--Catastrophizing Subscale, PSEQ = Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, SCI = spinal cord injury, SCL CSQ = Spinal Cord Lesion-Related Coping Strategy Questionnaire, SD = standard deviation, SF-12 = (Medical Outcomes Study) Short Form Health Survey-12, SF-36 = (Medical Outcomes Study) Short Form Health Survey-36.