Descriptive analysis shows that Problem-focused coping were the most common strategy among PWLH (M = 3.
PWLH who were employed, reported religious practice and had higher CD4 count were more likely to use Problem-focused strategies.
In addition, descriptive analysis alerts to a particular situation: most of the PWLH had AIDS and already knew their HIV status before pregnancy.
Despite the availability of treatment to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and the high number of prenatal visits among participants, in comparison with people in other developing countries (Zanconato, Msolomba, Guarenti, & Franchi, 2006), only half of the PWLH had an undetectable viral load.
Being employed and having higher educational level were associated with greater use of Problem-focused and less use of Emotion-focused strategies, suggesting that these PWLH were coping with HIV in a more successful way.
Although only half of PWLH reported religious practice, these women were coping with HIV more actively.
Probably, PWLH who perceived greater availability of social support were more likely to seek their social network in order to deal with infection.
Although 'time since diagnosis' was not associated with coping, a significant association emerged when PWLH were classified, considering if they received the HIV diagnosis before or during current pregnancy.
Even though PWLH vary in terms of gestational age, all of them were in the third trimester, when the initial ambivalence related to pregnancy tends to be overcome, the baby becomes more real, and the childbirth is approaching (Stern, 1998).