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References in periodicals archive ?
Manobos are described by some anthropologists as proto-Philippine or proto-Austronesian people found mostly in areas that straddle the boundaries of Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao and Misamis Oriental.
Neither trait is part of the cultural patrimony of AN-speaking peoples, as comparative linguistic, archaeological and distributional ethographic evidence unambiguously indicate a Proto-Austronesian language community with permanent single-family dwellings, pottery, loom weaving, domesticated animals, including at least the dog and pig, the exploitation of marine resources, and grain agriculture that centered on rice, but included foxtail and probably broomcorn millet as important subsidiary crops (Blust 1995, Bellwood 1997, Tsang 2005, Sagart to appear).
On the Proto-Austronesian diphtongs, Oceanic Linguistics 36(2): 347-361.
These earliest-known languages include Proto-Indo-European, Proto-Afroasiatic and, in this case, Proto-Austronesian, that gave rise to languages spoken in Southeast Asia, parts of continental Asia, Australasia and the Pacific.
These earliest-known languages include Proto-Indo-European, Proto-Afroasiatic and, in this case, Proto-Austronesian, which gave rise to languages spoken in Southeast Asia, parts of continental Asia, Australasia and the Pacific.
995); but Wolff acknowledges that this is too tentative to be presented as a reliable reconstruction at the Proto-Austronesian level.
For example, Cheng-Hwa Tsang examines evidence from Taiwan and the Philippines, arguing for ah origin of Austronesian speakers in the Pearl River Delta of Guangdong and that the Ta-pen-keng culture (thought by many to be the Proto-Austronesian population that expanded from the coast of China to Taiwan, and whose descendents moved into Island Southeast Asia) may only be a local phenomenon since similar artefactual assemblages have not been found outside Taiwan.
8), they are separated from Proto-Austronesian by the same 6000 years as all Austronesian languages.
frequently undergo changes such that the pronunciation of one of the words in the list is influenced by one of its immediate neighbors (thus Proto-Austronesian *Siwa 'nine' irregularly changed its initial to s- (7) in Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, under the influence of the word for 'ten' which began in s-: Blust 1995).
Griffin's contribution is more nuanced than the rest in suggesting that change is not new to Agta culture and has been occurring for the last 5000 years at least, since the arrival of Proto-Austronesian speakers.
The story should perhaps begin in Taiwan, the homeland of the Proto-Austronesian speakers.
John Wolff's Proto-Austronesian phonology with glossary is a pioneering endeavour to reconstruct the phonology and lexicon of the entire Austronesian language phylum, which encompasses most of the languages of insular Southeast Asia and stretches from Madagascar to Easter Island.