it must not be forgotten that all dialects, including Tuscan, were all, at one time, rival descendants of the same language, Vulgar Latin, also known as Proto-Romance
, vying for prominence above and beyond their local contextualized uses.
However, since, like many scholars, she frames the text as a proto-romance
that anticipates later novels, she reads the Scottish parts of Halkett's memoir--her close relationships with women as their companion and life after marrying James Halkett--less carefully.
The rise of these mixed systems, like all other recorded changes in Romance auxiliation, is interpreted as one of the manifestations of the retreat of Proto-Romance active/inactive alignment and of the shift back to a more consistent accusative/nominative orientation.
Moreover, historical evidence shows that condition (10) must have been at work in Proto-Romance and that the contrast observed between the two groups of Romance languages in (1)/(7) vs.
As argued in La Fauci (1988), one of the major syntactic transformations that distinguished Proto-Romance (and early Romance languages) from classical Latin was the emergence of properties that contradicted the accusative/nominative alignment dominant in Latin.
This drift produced a new shift in alignment, through which Proto-Romance active/inactive features were increasingly eroded, giving way to a revival of accusative alignment.
The pervasive variation in auxiliary choice exemplified in Sections 3-6 directly mirrors syntactic change(s) that departed from the Proto-Romance 2-aux system.
What we have analyzed are specific episodes of the general drift that brought all Romance varieties to shift back to accusative/ nominative alignment, abandoning the active/inactive alignment that shaped many morphosyntactic features of Proto-Romance.
Again to mention the parallel from Indo-European studies, no Romanist or Germanist or Celticist or Sanskritist would make proposals about Proto-Romance
or Proto-Germanic or Proto-Celtic or Proto-Indic without taking into account what was known or surmised about Proto-Indo-European.