Faison, Augusta, GA; Charlotte Farmer, RN CNP, Minneapolis, MN; Tracey Farris, Cheyenne, WY; Mary Fitzpatrick, RNCS
ANP MSCN, Burlington, VT; Jocelyne Frenette, RN BSN ESCM, Ottawa, ON; Nathalie Gagnon, RN BSCN, Ottawa, ON; Louvain Good, RN, Toronto, ON; Marie Grenier, RN, Brossard, QC; Ruth Grigg, RN MSCN, Vancouver, BC; Christine Guerette, RN BSc MSCN, Greenfield Park, QC; Claire Hara-Cleaver, ANP, Cleaveland, OH; Colleen Harris, RN MN MSCN, Calgary, AB; Kay Hilkey, RN, Fort Wayne, IN; Joanne Hodder, RN BScN MSCN, Edmonton, AB; Monti Horne, RN, Fort Wayne, IN; Isabelle Jalbert, RN, Charny, QC; Beverly A.
of Physiological Nursing San Francisco, CA Rebecca Sloan, PhD, RNCS
, ANP Assistant Professor of Nursing Indiana University School of Nursing Indianapolis, IN Rosalie C.
Acknowledgment: The author would like to express the deepest appreciation and respect to Kathleen Ann Long, PhD, RNCS
, FAAN, Dean, College of Nursing, for her support, knowledge, and editing of this manuscript.
Deborah Lind Mahony, ScD, RNCS, PNP, is Assistant Professor, Boston College School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, MA.
Murphy, MS, RNCS, PNP, is a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Preoperative Clinic, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.