SBPACSouthern Border Provinces Administration Centre (Thailand)
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These objectives were embodied in Prime Ministerial Order 206, entitled "The Policy to Promote Peace in the Southern Border Provinces", and Order 207, which re-established the SBPAC and the Civilian (i.
A keystone of the coup-government's policy for peace-building in the south was the resuscitation of the SBPAC as a civilian organization of bureaucrats (nominally under the Ministry of the Interior) focusing on development activities, paired with the military and its more hard-edged security role.
42) A minister had been assigned to oversee the three provinces, but the SBPAC remained firmly under the control of ISOC.
Following the passage of the first reading of SBPAC bill in November 2009, the Ad Hoc Legislative Committee to Consider the Southern Border Provinces Administration Bill was created to review the legislation clause-by-clause.
Prime Ministerial Order 206/2549 re-established the SBPAC and CPM-43 under the "supervision" of ISOC.
16) In August 2009 he promoted the director of the SBPAC to the equivalent of a permanent secretary of a ministry who reports directly to the Prime Minister.
Whereas some Thai officials considered the SBPAC to be ineffective and redundant, some Malay Muslim leaders saw it as an invaluable channel for airing grievances.
Finally, the fact that the SBPAC survived the 1997 debate about its future reflects the perceived validity of its "hearts-and-minds" approach.
The suggested title for the new ministry is "Southern Border Provinces Development Administration Bureau" (SBPDAB), in a deliberate echo of the SBPAC.
General Ekachai suggested that the three provinces were already subject to special governance arrangements, of which the military-overseen SBPAC was one example.
The new SBPAC is somewhat different from its predecessor.
Local volunteers for the SBPAC attended numerous workshops and were taken on tours outside the border provinces, yet they were often too frightened to lose their lives to openly announce their SBPAC affiliation in their own villages, or wear their complementary jackets.