maximum RR, minimum RR, mean RR, max RR/min RR ratio, SDNN
, pNN50, and RMSSD showed very highly significant differences as compared to HRV parameters in control groups.
Finally, the results obtained in relation to the SampEn indices (Figure 2a) and SDNN
(Figure 2b), show that, in both cases, the largest differences in terms of values are once again found in advertisment 5, with this message being the only one in which the complexity of the activity of the ANS, measured by SampEn, is greater in women that in men.
According to the results obtained in the present study, animals affected by ARVC can exhibit autonomic imbalance, reflected by decreased SDNN
, SDNNIDX and pNN50 compared with unaffected Boxers.
In Time domain, group (D) has reduced parameters like SDNN
(ms) and RMSSD (ms), compared to the control group (H).
In patients with AF the mean value of SDNN
was statistically significantly lower in those with GERD than in those without GERD, with values of 114[+ or -]58 ms and 273[+ or -]100 ms, respectively; p=0.
Time and frequency domain parameters for HRV analyses Variable Unit Description Time Domain Parameters Mean RR ms Average RR interval SDNN
ms Standard deviation of all NN interval RMSSD ms The square root of the mean squared difference between adjacent N-N intervals, reflects mainly vagally influence pNN50 % Percentage of normal normal intervals greater than 50 milliseconds Frequency Domain Parameters VLF [ms.
Patient profiles (age, body height, body weight, BMI, SBP, DBP, and waist circumference), serological biochemistry examinations (total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, serum albumin level, fasting glucose, and uric acid), and HRV parameters (mean-HRT, SDNN
, R-MSSD, LF, HF, and LF/HF) were analyzed using ANOVA tests [Table 3].
The r-values show that age was inversely correlated with all the indices of heart rate variability, however the correlation was significant only for SDNN
and SDANN (p-value < 0.
The time-domain indicators SDNN
, which mainly reflects parasympathetic and sympathetic tension; rMSSD; PNN50, which reflects vagal tone and is associated with rapid changes in heart rate; and PNN50 decreased with the reduction in vagal tone.
normalized units; pNN50, percentage of pairs of successive R-R intervals that differ by more than 50 ms; RMSSD, square root of the mean squared difference of consecutive R-R intervals; and SDNN
, standard deviation of R-R intervals.
Main effect of group (acute WAD, chronic WAD, and healthy controls), main effect of time (rest, TS prior to cuff inflation, and TS during cuff inflation), and group x time interaction was evaluated for all dependent variables (skin conductance, heart rate, SDNN
, RMSSD, LF, HF, and LF/HF ratio).
8: Comparison of Time domain measures of the PCOS and Control groups It shows significant decrease in Mean RR and SDNN
among the patients than the controls.