Considerations such as those discussed above are at the heart of MBDA's two new families of SHORAD systems: the EMADS (Enhanced Modular Air Defence Solutions) and MICA (Missile d'Interception, de Combat et d'Autodefense/Interception, Combat and Self-Defence Missile" (see below).
In December 2014, under the wider Future Local Area Air Defence System (FLAADS) programme that also incorporates the maritime version, the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (MoD) awarded MBDA a $348 million contract for the development and manufacture of the FLAADS land version to eventually replace the British Army's MBDA Rapier Field Standard-C SHORAD, with the former to enter service at "the end of the decade", according to UK MoD sources.
A fully integrated mobile SHORAD system, the RAPIDDefender includes organic C2, optronics, fire control and a surveillance radar plus the SAMs.
Targets can be hovering to fast-moving, from nap of the earth to the maximum engagement altitude of SHORAD weapons.
The GBS is accurate and quick-reacting, and acquires targets sufficiently beyond the forward line of own troops to reduce SHORAD weapon reaction time and allow engagement at optimum ranges.
Hughes has also provided the MPQ-64 to international customers through its Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System (AdSAMS), which uses the radar to cue batteries of ground-launched AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM), as well as to the Turkish Land Force for its SHORADS program.
Command posts are usually defended by SHORAD
batteries, each with their own Igla sections attached.
This provides the site nodes (units, SAM and SHORAD
sites, radar sites, etc.
A major advance was provided by the VT-1 missile, which increased range into the Shorads area (i.
The Rafael Python 5 air-to-air dogfight missile is now proposed for the Shorads role, with a range of approximately 20km.
Key here is for the launch helicopter to remain outside of the range of typical shorads units.
For the purposes of the following discussion, it is understood that Shorads (short-range air defence systems, discussed in Armada 2/2002) typically engage incoming aircraft and missiles at around ten kilometres, although some may stretch to 20 km.