SPAI-CSocial Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children (psychometric evaluation)
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Para tal, calculou-se o coeficiente de correlacao produto x momento de Pearson e como se verifica na Tabela 3, os valores totais obtidos na SASC-R correlacionam-se de forma significativa com os resultados totais obtidos no SPAI-C (r = 0, 62; p < 0,001).
Relativamente a validade concorrente, a SASC-R revelou correlacoes moderadas com o SPAI-C, no entanto, esperavam-se correlacoes mais significativas ja que sao instrumentos que avaliam o mesmo constructo.
Tabela 3 Validade Concorrente da SASC-R com o SPAI-C SPAI-C Total FNE SAD-N SPAI-C SASC-R 0,62 * -- FNE 0,45 * 0,89 * -- SAD-N 0,64 * 0,78 * 0,52 * -- SAD-G 0,62 * 0,77 * 0,51 * 0,65 * * p<0,001.
Investigating the construct validity of the SPAI-C: Comparing the sensitivity and specificity of the SPAI-C and the SAS-A.
The SASC-R assesses cognitive aspects, as well as distress and social anxiety in general, while the SPAI-C focuses more on evaluating the presence of the typical symptoms of social phobia.
A further problem (which is also present in the version for adults) is that the SPAI-C scores for items with more than one answer are averaged out, thereby concealing possible key dimensions for anxiety/social phobia.
001 Table 5 Correlations of LSAS-CA-SR with other instruments of social anxiety SPAI-C SAS-A SPS SIAS SSPS Total Score .
The SPAI-C was administered along with the remaining scales listed in the previous section (LSAS-CA, SAS-A, SPS, and SIAS) in the schools after obtaining parental consent for children to participate in the study.
It took participants about 15 minutes to complete the SPAI-C.
Therefore, it was decided to perform a confirmatory study of the factor structure that best explained the correlation matrix between items of the SPAI-C test.
Moreover, the concurrent validity of the SPAI-C with the scales LSAS-CA, SAS-A, SPS, and SIAS was assessed, and an analysis of variance was performed to study possible differences in the scale depending on sex and age.
The factor structure proposed for the SPAI-C scale in the sample of Spanish children and adolescents included the following four factors: Public performance (Factor 1), Assertiveness (Factor 2), Fear and avoidance/ escape in social encounters (Factor 3), and Cognitive and psychophysiological interferences (Factor 4).