These findings may reflect the fact that schools do not have the necessary resources to facilitate collaborative efforts with local businesses and industries, particularly given the fact that federal funding such as STWOA
ended in 2001.
Prior to the initial study being conducted, the state's STWOA
management team identified 17 partnerships that met criteria for being designated as rural, and that had been funded to implement curriculum strategies and support services as stipulated in the STWOA
Nothing in STWOA
philosophy suggested that it was intended for only those students who planned to work immediately after high school.
0999) provided results of initial STWOA
implementation efforts in eight states.
Just prior to the conference, the federal government also awarded some of its remaining school-to-work funds to community colleges and others in hopes of sustaining local programs after STWOA
and the programs created under its banner have received both praise and criticism.
This viewpoint is in contradiction to those who believe that President Clinton and the lawmakers who wrote STWOA
were trying to create a system in which students would be able to explore opportunities and learn transferable skills that will assist them in making the choices for their futures.
Thus, although much is possible as a result of coherent and effective community career systems, the "sunsetting" date of the STWOA
We have now passed that funding endpoint, and educators and policy makers must look back over the experience of the last several years to decide what lessons have been learned from the social and educational experiment represented by the STWOA
For example in their 1999 evaluation report to Congress on the progress being made to implement community partnerships funded by STWOA
, Hershey, Silverberg, Haimson, Hudis, and Jackson argued that STWOA
partnerships were being used by a wide range of students.
makes several specific references to students with disabilities as a target population to be included in the development and delivery of school-to-work programs for all students.
Now that federal funding for the STWOA
has ended, researchers are trying to distill its impact.