STWOASchool to Work Opportunities Act of 1994
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These findings may reflect the fact that schools do not have the necessary resources to facilitate collaborative efforts with local businesses and industries, particularly given the fact that federal funding such as STWOA ended in 2001.
Prior to the initial study being conducted, the state's STWOA management team identified 17 partnerships that met criteria for being designated as rural, and that had been funded to implement curriculum strategies and support services as stipulated in the STWOA.
Nothing in STWOA philosophy suggested that it was intended for only those students who planned to work immediately after high school.
Critics of STWOA raised many of the same concerns that Dewey initially did.
Just prior to the conference, the federal government also awarded some of its remaining school-to-work funds to community colleges and others in hopes of sustaining local programs after STWOA expires.
This viewpoint is in contradiction to those who believe that President Clinton and the lawmakers who wrote STWOA were trying to create a system in which students would be able to explore opportunities and learn transferable skills that will assist them in making the choices for their futures.
Thus, although much is possible as a result of coherent and effective community career systems, the "sunsetting" date of the STWOA approaches rapidly.
For example in their 1999 evaluation report to Congress on the progress being made to implement community partnerships funded by STWOA, Hershey, Silverberg, Haimson, Hudis, and Jackson argued that STWOA partnerships were being used by a wide range of students.
As a national investment strategy, the STWOA is intended to help states and local communities create a single, seamless, comprehensive, school-to-work system that will replace the often fractured and fragmented education and job-training programs that now exist under various authorities and jurisdictions (Moore & Waldman, 1994).
The state put in place a core curriculum that included all the federal mandates in the STWOA.
Many schools and systems have found enormous success using the approaches advocated by the STWOA and these practices will likely be sustained.
Here is a breakdown of Title VI, section 602 of the STWOA that is designed to guarantee the rights of workers and students entering the workplace under school programs: