Burtless (1999) projected the earnings potential of TANF
recipients who had a two-year limit, on the basis of the work experiences of AFDC recipients from 1979 to 1994 and the general trend in wages received by workers with less than a high school education.
replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program that provided participants with direct cash welfare benefits.
Despite separate program missions and little formal coordination of service delivery between the two programs, however, TANF
and SSBG are connected fiscally.
With declining welfare rolls, lawmakers have used federal TANF
dollars to cover a range of expenses, including core state functions like Child Protective Services.
The social safety net for poor families with children includes multiple programs, and perhaps TANF
should be only a small footprint when considering these programs together.
To make matters worse, federal funding for TANF
has been stagnant since the law was enacted, and is now worth 30 percent less than it was in 1996.
As laid out in our members' Pathways agenda, success in the workplace is a function of not just TANF
and other human service programs, but a wide segment of the broader community, including the education and training system, the private sector, nonprofit groups, and other government agencies.
There is another contributor to reduced welfare caseloads: TANF
policies that redirect applicants before they enroll, often referred to as "diversion" (Besharov & Germanis, 2007; Danielson & Klerman, 2008; Meyers & Lurie, 2005; Ridzi & London, 2006).
Since GAO first reported on tribal TANF
programs in 2002, the number of programs has increased--from 36 in 2002 to 64 in 2010.
program is block-granted to states, meaning states receive a sum of money with only some general rules on how the money must be spent, as opposed to categorical programs which include more specifications and less state decision making.
Because 32 States established separate State programs and moved many families on TANF
(especially two-parent families) into these programs, (6) PRWORA critics argued that the law in fact allowed for States not to have to increase the work participation rates of their welfare recipients.
She went back to the welfare office, where caseworkers turned her away, saying--falsely again--that because she'd been getting child support she was ineligible for TANF