The expansion of agricultural fields in the close vicinity of TBWS is causing much severe structural threats to biodiversity especially by creating disturbance to avifauna.
In the surroundings of TBWS, 35% households were extremely poor, 5% ultra poor, 3% poor, 17% medium and 40% were non poor.
Unawareness: Peoples of TBWS were mostly illiterate (64%) and only 17% (Primary to metric level) was literate.
As the local community of TBWS was totally (100%) dependent on sanctuary for livestock grazing.
Table 1: Number of trees species identified in TBWS.
Branches and stems of Acacia nilotica, Albizia lebbeck, Dalbergia sissoo, Eucalyptus camadulensis and Morus laevigata used as fuel for cooking food by local community of TBWS.
Bird's density recorded in two years of field surveysat TBWS was 6.
Huge disturbance to wildlife has been observed in the area when people from Loralai, Baluchistan migrate in to the TBWS area for goat and sheep grazing after the cotton harvesting season has ended.
In the surroundings of TBWS 90% villagers had their own livestock; it was their secondary source (20%) of earning.
Main threats to biodiversity of TBWS were mainly classified into two, one was natural threat and the other one was anthropogenic threat.
The TBWS is an important source of livelihood for local communities who assemble their daily life requirements through various usages.
It is clear that although TBWS is a Ramsar site there was still going on unsatisfactory use of products and services accumulated from the sanctuary area a condition that threatens its biodiversity conservation.