TENORMTechnologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (natural materials in which the concentration of radioactive material is enhanced)
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1) Radioactive drilling waste is a form of TENORM (short for "technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material")--that is, naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) that has been concentrated or otherwise made more available for human exposure through anthropogenic means.
The recommendations included improvements, such as encouraging DEP to maintain consistent, standardized data for tracking violations and enforcement actions for the public; completing the TENORM study to ensure DEP is appropriately assessing production waste; considering developing a process to determine surface casing setting depths to protect fresh groundwater; and consider developing additional guidance for pre-drill sampling of water wells near potential well sites.
TERM is sometimes also referred to as NORM or Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM), or TENORM.