The downsizing impact, though, was that it "jeopardized other Tutsi by giving them a false sense of security" (28) and also endangered the retreating UNAMIR
I troops, since according to Dallaire, "the arrival of French troops led the RPF to retaliate against the UN.
See FRED GRUNFELD & ANKE HUIJBOOM, THE FAILURE TO PREVENT GENOCIDE IN RWANDA: THE ROLE OF BYSTANDERS 217 (2007) (asserting that the withdrawal of UNAMIR
I "facilitated the genocide"); Ervin Staub, The Psychology of Bystanders, Perpetrators, and Heroic Helpers, 17 INT'L J.
The film covers the early days of the events when UNAMIR
troops were positioned at the Ecole Technique Officielle, a sanctuary to some 2000 Rwandans, outside the gates of which the Interahamwe kept constant watch.
beyond the UNAMIR
mandate, and he was not to take any action until he
However, due in part to the ghosts of the failed peacekeeping mission in Somalia, the expanded UNAMIR
force never materialized.
37) He also noted the dependency of the UN on UNAMIR
, humanitarian agencies, NGOs, and media for information as hostilities continued.
83) The UNAMIR
commander, Romeo Dallaire, also voiced heated opposition to the plan to then-French envoy Bernard Kouchner.
Command of UNAMIR
had profound effects on the Canadian general, among them post-traumatic stress disorder.
worked towards fulfilling the terms of a fragile peace, Dallaire sought to learn the complex political realities of Rwanda.
Only later did he discover that the United States and France were arguing in the Security Council against any more active UNAMIR
The photograph is an accurate reflection of Dallaire when he arrived in Rwanda as commander of UNAMIR
in the fall of 1993.
The UN, which had a military presence with its UNAMIR
force in the country at the outset of the killings, and major world players made concerted efforts to compartmentalise the atrocities, to describe them as a localised, regional or an African 'problem'