Although Kay admits that UNSCOM
scored a number of successes in the face of Iraqi duplicity and deception, he contends that it ultimately failed to eliminate Sad-dam Hussein's prohibited weapons programs.
The Resolution also prevents Iraq from acquiring or developing nuclear weapons and created the special commission, UNSCOM
, to inspect Iraqi sites to ensure compliance.
During the UNSCOM
period, one inspector was reportedly filmed in a compromising situation and blackmailed.
In fact, according to the International Action Center, UNSCOM
cited only five "obstructions" to the 423 inspections conducted during Nov.
The periodic interference and harassment of UNSCOM
inspectors by the Iraqis was largely limited to sensitive sites too small for advanced nuclear or chemical weapons development or deployment.
inspectors pulled out before the ill-advised Operation Desert Fox.
For example, the failure of UNSCOM
to extract compliance from Iraq has led Butler to conclude that the world needs more effective treaties.
State Department officer, who denied a request by a British UNSCOM
official to investigate the Al Hakim bio-weapons plant in Iraq.
has reported destroying 38,000 chemical weapons, 480,000 liters of live chemical weapon agents, 48 missiles, six missile launchers, 30 missile warheads modified to carry chemical or biological agents and hundreds of related equipment with capability to produce chemical weapons.
left in 1998, weapons have not been inspected and the sanctions are now beginning to break down.
was created by the UN Security Council in 1991 to oversee the destruction of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons and certain longer-range missiles after the Gulf War ceasefire.
arms inspectors have been barred from returning to Iraq since leaving in mid-December 1998, shortly before the US and Britain launched a four-day air campaign called Desert Fox in retaliation for Baghdad's failure to cooperate with UN weapons teams (see following).