Some 38,000 ATC employees will be transferred to USATS.
42) Figures 1 and 2 depict the general organizational structure among FAA, the Congress, DOT/DOD, and ATC, before and after implementation of USATS.
Balancing the incentives for safety and efficiency will be a major challenge in the final design of USATS.
45) James Landry, ATA president, indicates, nonetheless, that airlines will withhold endorsement of USATS until more details are available on how it will be funded and governed.
In addition to the committees with jurisdiction over aviation losing their turf, the plan includes the ability of USATS to issue debt, which moves USATS out of the Budget Enforcement Act.
Equally interesting is the support for corporatization offered by the Regional Airline Association (RAA) and the Airports Council International (ACI) - based on Airport Improvement Plan (AIP) funding to remain with FAA under the USATS plan.
Lessons available from the USATS public debate may be equally valuable if applied to the current health care issue before Congress.
An element of the USATS approach that has been shown to require careful attention is the matter of maintaining high safety standards while functioning between government and corporate bureaucracies, and while endeavoring to maintain cost containment.