Consequently, because the ruling government did not rig the results of the election, the NLD won 82 percent of the 400 seats in parliament, while the USDP
won less than 10 percent.
With some constituencies in the south likely to be won by the NLD, some in the north potentially falling to local candidates, and the inland township of Ann being dominated by the USDP
, winning the populous constituencies of central Rakhine state was vital for the ANP.
The constitution that the junta left behind also reserved 25 percent of the seats in the lower house of parliament for military officers--so last November, the USDP
only needed to win 25.
Incomplete vote counts showed some of the most powerful politicians of the USDP
trailing in their bids for parliamentary seats, indicating a heavy loss for the party created by the former junta and led by retired military officers.
If we take away the USDP
vote--assuming it is the result of rigging--and recalculate the percentages of the remaining parties in each constituency, ethnic parties double their vote, getting just over 20 percent of the total vote, or approximately two-thirds of the estimated non-Burman population.
Since the ruling USDP
is unlikely to win a majority in either house, both Thein Sein and Thura Shwe Mann would need the military's endorsement to become president.
Combined with efforts from the ruling USDP
to adopt a proportional voting system rather than the first-past-the-post system that has been used in the past, it is likely that the USDP
and Tatmadaw will maintain a considerable preference beyond the upcoming elections.
And more than half of the rest are held by the USDP
Quitting his military title of general, U Thein Sein formed the USDP
in April 2010 to run the November 2010 multi-party general election, in which USDP
won the majority of the parliamentary seats, becoming the ruling party and he was elected as representative to the House of Representatives.
The ruling USDP
party launched a daily called The Union and the weekly The Voice is converting itself into the Voice Daily.
However, its chief editor said the paper's policy is not to be a mouthpiece for the USDP
but rather function as an independent daily that serves the interest of the public.
Among those attending the congress was a leading official in the military-backed USDP
party that still runs Burma.