Hypothesis 4: Gender will moderate the relationship between WFSE and commitment to a STEM career.
Using the SCCT-CSM as the guiding framework, we examined the role of WFSE on STEM commitment above and beyond common social-cognitive variables, and the joint effect of WFSE and gender on STEM commitment.
Three items from Casper (2000) were used to assess WFSE at Time 1.
A three-step hierarchical regression was conducted to examine the control and main effects of marital status, gender, career-related self-efficacy, and outcome expectations on commitment to a STEM career; the incremental contribution of WFSE to commitment to a STEM career; and the interaction between WFSE and gender on the outcome.
In Step 2, WFSE was a significant positive predictor of (B = .
Using Model One of the SPSS macro (with all other variables entered as covariates), it was determined that the interaction between gender and WFSE was a significant negative predictor (B = -.
Figure 1 shows that at lower levels of WFSE, women have higher levels of commitment to a STEM career than do men; this difference was statistically significant, t(239) = 1.
Guided by the SCCT-CSM, we investigated WFSE's incremental contribution to STEM commitment above and beyond career-related self-efficacy and outcomes expectations, and how the relationship between WFSE and STEM commitment differed for men and women.
Also as hypothesized, WFSE accounted for incremental variance (10%) in commitment to a STEM career beyond career-related self-efficacy and outcome expectations.
Finally, the hypothesized moderating effect of gender on the relationship between WFSE and commitment to a STEM career was partially supported.
Second, it may be the case that whereas WFSE is more influential for men's STEM commitment, expectations of work-family conflict may be more influential for women's future STEM attrition.
First, the finding that WFSE is a significant predictor of commitment to a STEM career suggests that initiatives can be implemented to enhance students' WFSE early in their STEM experience, which may help keep men and women committed to STEM careers.