BO also estimated the wage-unemployment relationship for different occupations using data from the 1990 British WIRS
1) WIRS is regarded as the authoritative portrait of the contours of industrial relations in the workplace across the economy (Cully and Marginson, 1995).
Other establishment level databases, including the 1998 WIRS cross-section survey, fail to contain the information required to answer the questions posed in the previous section.
Although WIRS is a nationally representative sample of establishments, not firms, it contains data on the number of employees in the firm, as well as the establishment, so that we are able to distinguish small-firm establishments and large-firm establishments.
WIRS does not contain establishments with fewer than 25 employees, so the small firm size band is 25-199 employees.
The WIRS evidence is that the coverage of closed shops declined from over five million union members in 1980 to under half a million in 1990 (Millward et al, 1992).
The WIRS panel data suggested that withdrawal of recognition reflected employee apathy rather than employer initiative (Millward et al, 1992; Beaumont and Harris, 1995).
The impasse rate in our sample is not significantly lower than the national impasse rate in more traditional collective agreements found in WIRS 1984 (Millward and Stevens 1986: Table 7.
Also our sample covers just manufacturing plants whereas the WIRS figures include the private service sector.
34) Machin and Wadhwani (1989) found, using data from WIRS
, that heavily unionised plants were more likely to undergo reorganisation in the early 1980s.
was established several years ago to provide taxpayers with copies of their W-2 and W-3 forms.
Analysis of WIRS
data over the 1980-4 period suggests that controlling for a variety of industrial size and other factors, unionised establishments were more likely to lose jobs than their non-unionised counterparts (Blanchflower et al, 1988).