ZIPRAZimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army
References in periodicals archive ?
The conclusion that one can therefore draw is that because 'ZANLA deployed few women lighters inside Zimbabwe' (Nhongo-Simbanegavi 2000:127) and its ZIPRA counterpart did not even deploy its female cadres to the front (Bonde 1990:5), those who would become writers did not see them.
There is historical evidence which attest to the presence of female combatants amongst ZANLA and ZIPRA forces in Mozambique.
Cold War politics played into the conflict, with the USSR supporting ZIPRA and Communist China providing support to ZANLA.
It includes early forms of Ndebele resistance to Rhodesian rule, the manifold ways that Ndebele ethnicity was created, the performance of ZIPRA during the war of liberation, and the atrocities of the 1980s.
Vilified by both their former ZIPRA and ZANLA comrades and the world press as turn coats and running dogs, at best the presence Pfumo re Vanhu elements in an area did no more than hamper insurgent activities.
In the greater part of Armstrong's narrative of conquest, ZIPRA and ZANLA forces are shown as having clashed on many occasions.
The weak peasant--weak by virtue of being the "unarmed" agent under the surveillant gaze of the Rhodesian, ZANLA, and ZIPRA armies--craved salvation from all.
Recruitment, which was closely linked to the attempt to gain national and international legitimacy and authenticity, was critical to ZANLA and ZIPRA attempts at survival.
Furthermore, the game of numbers became a debilitating pathological obsession that even undermined attempts to unify ZIPRA and ZANLA.
There is no question that the issues of political persecution that Nkomo raises happened to him and the gallant ZIPRA forces.
In the "swallowing up" of Nkomo's voice that presages the swallowing up in the 1987 Unity Accord of ZAPU and ZIPRA by Robert Mugabe's ZANU to become ZANU-PF, the reader is regrettably blocked from accessing Nkomo's story that could have survived the lure of Mugabe-phobia: Nkomo is therefore forced not to tell his story but Robert Mugabe's.
Six weeks later (although only a passing reference to the end of June shows that it is not later on the same day), Todd meets the Minister of Justice, Emmerson Mnangagwa, in order to ask when former ZIPRA fighters who were still being detained as Patriotic Front Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU (PF)) dissidents would be named as beneficiaries of the 1988 amnesty which had followed the 1987 unity agreement between the ruling party, the Zimbabwe African National Union, Patriotic Front (ZANU (PF)), and Nkomo's ZAPU (PF).