And in key EIPV states where Sunday voting is allowed, Democratic get-out-the-vote operatives have organized "Souls to the Polls" efforts that encourage their voters (especially African Americans) to perform their civic duty right after Sunday church services.
In recent years, conservative Republican legislators in states like North Carolina, Florida, and Ohio have worked hard to roll back existing EIPV laws, especially weekend voting.
Conservative opposition seems to have caused Democrats and their progressive allies to embrace EIPV all the more (in stark contrast to UVBM).
The average active registered voter turnout for the top ten EIPV states is 47 percent, 1 percent below the national average.
Recent studies in the Netherlands indicate that more than 97% of infants receive the first three doses of eIPV, and more than 94% receive all five doses of eIPV by the age of 1 year.
Recommendations include a primary series of three doses of OPV for unvaccinated persons aged <18 years, three doses of eIPV for unvaccinated persons aged [is greater than or equal to] 18 years, and either OPV or eIPV for incompletely vaccinated persons aged [is greater than or equal to] 18 years.
But no data show that three eIPV doses can induce long-lasting immunity.
In light of recent outbreaks of neurovirulent poliovirus in the Western Hemisphere--in the Dominican Republic and Haiti (MMWR 49:1094, 1103, 2000)--the working group felt that it would be unwise to advise switching from a four-dose to a three-dose series of eIPV, he said.