electroencephalography ("EEG"), (12) but fMRI
is now the
In Section 2, we introduce some necessary basic concepts of Bayesian inference, explaining the fMRI
data with necessary preprocessing before applying Bayesian methods.
More recently, scientists have taken fMRI
studies a step further to examine differences in how well such brain regions work together.
Caption: By training dogs to lie still for an fMRI
scan, researchers were able to identify areas in the canine brain that respond to voices.
technology indirectly monitors brain activity through the
Therefore, it is recommended that multiple language tasks be administered in fMRI
in order to calculate language dominance as a continuous variable.
results are limited to the grey matter, but they can be integrated with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which is an MRI technique for assessing white matter integrity (11) and for tracking white matter fiber bundles.
The results suggest that fMRI
guidance for hallucinations in single patients is feasible for TMS and possibly other symptoms with on/off states, such as obsessions, compulsions, tics, dystonia, or tardive dyskinesia.
We wanted a procedure that would allow us to effectively measure pain processing in MS without it being uncomfortable for participants, which is important if fMRI
pain imaging is to become part of the normal protocol along with MRI," Dr.
In a 2009 paper published in the journal Psychological Science, Washington University researcher Nicole Speer and her colleagues used fMRI
to examine hemoglobin flow when people read fiction and discovered that the "readers mentally simulate each new situation encountered in a narrative.
Part of the work will build on a technique used by researchers at Cambridge and Liege universities where fMRI
was used on a 23-year-old woman in a persistent vegetative state following a severe road accident.
These methods measure dynamic brain changes that have a time course similar to brain sensory, motor or cognitive activities, and include methods such as electroencephalography (EEG), positron emission tomography (PET), fMRI
, and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS).