The 1st Airborne Division
had lost nearly three-quarters of its strength and did not see combat again.
Troops from the 1st Airborne Division
and the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade were landed by gliders and parachute at Arnhem to secure bridges across the river Nederrijn with supporting forces expected to reach them in just two to three days.
Walter was in the 1st Airborne Division
in the British Army during the war and in July 1943 was on a glider on the way to the invasion of Sicily when it ditched into the sea.
The next step in the Market Garden plan was for the XXX Corps--which had connected with the US 101st Airborne Division
around Eindhoven, on the Dommel River, the day before and had now reached the 82nd Airborne--to connect with the British 1st Airborne Division
in Arnhem, on the Lower Rhine.
Eisenhower, Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Forces, to Major-General Roy Urquhart, commander of the British 1st Airborne Division
during Operation MARKET GARDEN, Eisenhower states: "In this war there has been no single performance by any unit that has more greatly inspired me .
But at Arnhem the British 1st Airborne Division
encountered far stronger resistance from the Germans than anticipated.
His first operation with the British 1st Airborne Division
was the invasion of Normandy on June 6 1944 - also his 24th birthday.
Firstly, who were the "Coventry Airborne Division" and secondly, I also fought at Arnhem with the 1st Airborne Division
Thomas, 83, who was awarded the MBE in 1986, was born in Great Ayton and served in the Border Regiment 1st Airborne Division
in Norway and Germany during the war.
The British 1st Airborne Division
did not secure the bridge at Arnhem so the River Rhine remained a barrier to the Allied advance for six additional months, until the offensives at Remagen, Oppenheim, Rees and Wesel in March 1945.
A retired potter, Mr Knight was among the first wave of the 10,000 members of the British 1st Airborne Division
who were air-dropped into the Arnhem area.
phone calls that carried Eugene residents Diane and Lee Temple through the worst times when their son, Eric, a sergeant in the Army's 101 1st Airborne Division
, found himself in the thick of the war.