appealed to instruct all the Chief Engineers of various departments to implement Single Bid System during all kind of tendering process.
AACWA did not adopt Mnookin's more determinate standard that no child should be removed if there are reasonable means to keep the child safely at home, but Congress did take a step in that direction.
Crucially, AACWA changed the funding structure for foster care.
Under the AACWA
family preservation model, "caseworkers served as intermediaries between their clients and the network of social services provided by the states.
Furthermore the court reiterated that AACWA
only requires States to have an approved case plan.
1994) (holding that for children's rights to be privately enforceable under the AACWA
, Congress will have to clarify those rights), and Charlie H.
64) See Sheldon, supra note 63, at 74 (explaining the AACWA
was formed to support permanency planning for children by placing less emphasis on the reliance of foster care).
But when Ronald Reagan reduced spending by 25 percent and transformed the program into a block grant, AACWA
became just one more under-funded mandate for child welfare workers to juggle.
Although none of the three decisions was based on ICWA, all were decided after the creation of the "reasonable efforts" standard contained in AACWA
and one was decided after passage of ASFA.
One of the problems in implementing AACWA
was the interpretation of the term "reasonable efforts.
also required states to make "reasonable efforts" to reunite a child with his or her family before allowing a child to be adopted.
required that the case plan include "a plan of services which will be provided in order to improve family conditions and facilitate returning the child to his home.