However, intellectual disability and developmental disabilities are not completely overlapping constructs; the construct of developmental disabilities also includes people with physical disorders (such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida) and other disorders that emerge during the developmental period, such as those with Fetal Alcohol Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder who do not have co-occurring ID (AAIDD
, 2018; Brown, Wehmeyer, & Shogren, 2017; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2018; National Institute of Health [NIH], 2018; Williams, Wheeler, Linder, & Jacobs, 2017).
And beyond that, if you haven't already become a member of the AAIDD
family, or this is your first time you've attended our conference, we will be doing everything in our power to convince you it should be the first of many!
(56) DSM-5, supra note 53, at 33; AAIDD
, supra note 53.
Discapacidad Intelectual y Discapacidades del Desarrollo (AAIDD
) en el
proposed recommendations for ICD--11 and the condition previously known as mental retardation.
Al respecto, la Asociacion Americana de Discapacidades Intelectuales y del Desarrollo (AAIDD
) (Verdugo Alonso & American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2011), define a las personas con inteligencia limite como aquellas que tecnicamente no presentan una discapacidad intelectual pero que obtienen bajas puntuaciones de CI aproximadamente entre 70 y 75; teniendo mucho en comun con las personas con discapacidad intelectual leve.
Spirituality: A joint position statement of AAIDD
and the Arc.
(68) The DSM-V focuses on three aspects in determining whether a person has an intellectual disability: "[d]eficits in intellectual functions," "[d]eficits in adaptive functioning that result in failure to meet developmental and socio-cultural standards," and "[ojnset of intellectual and adaptive deficits during the developmental period." (69) Similarly, the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD
, formerly the American Association of Mental Retardation) defines intellectual disability as "substantial limitations in present functioning ...
Chueng (2013) suggested a national standard model for defining intellectual disabilities and establishing a standard of proof that is a combination of the definitions of intellectual disability by the American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD
) and the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in its new DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Developmental Disabilities, 5th edition; APA, 2013).
The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD
, 2011) and the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013) define an intellectual disability (ID) as limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior.
According to the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD
, 2013), an intellectual disability is "...a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills ...
Esse conteudo coaduna com entendimento atual que a AAIDD
(2010) tem sobre a pessoa com DI, a qual enfatiza o aspecto do desempenho em detrimento dos aspectos relativos aos tracos clinicos.