AATHPASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
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Indonesian law and regulations have adopted a zero burning policy in responding to land and forest fires, in keeping with the AATHP. Since Indonesia has ratified the AATHP and the ASEAN Community will be established on 31 December 2015, there are strong grounds for believing that Indonesia will increase its efforts to deal with haze.
(86) Although principles of a prevention and cooperation regime remain the preferred approaches of ASEAN state practice in addressing transboundary pollution, as clearly reflected in the ASEAN legal framework, particularly in the AATHP, they are seldom implemented in practice.
Furthermore, ASEAN has already adopted several international environmental principles in the AATHP. These include: the obligation not to cause environmental harm, (90) the precautionary principle, (91) the principle of good neighbourliness, the duty to cooperate, (92) the principle of sustainable development, (93) the principle of public participation, (94) the principle of prevention (95) and the principle of notification and information.
For example, Article 3(2) of the AATHP makes reference to the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, as "the Parties shall, in spirit of solidarity and partnership and in accordance with their respective needs, capabilities and situations strengthen cooperation and coordination to prevent haze pollution".