Appointed by the ABHMS and the Baptist Convention of the North Pacific Coast, Okerson arrived in Portland in early 1881.
Schaelike's church became known as the Bethany Church and affiliated itself with the Western Conference of German Baptists, the Baptist Convention of the North Pacific Coast, and received aid from ABHMS.
Reflective of NBC leaders' feeling that certain states within the convention--namely, Virginia and North Carolina, which later led the charge to split off as the LCC--received more aid from the ABHMS because of gratuitous displays of gratitude (Fitts 86), Bernard says that, in order to be a citizen of America, one has to seek the recognition of white male society:
Whitted writes, the convention believed that the ABHMS provided aid only to "the most grateful and loyal people with whom they were associated in Christian and educational work," those who "stood firm and unchangeable in their high esteem and loyal support for the Home Mission Society," and therefore for whom the ABHMS was "inclined to do more" (27).
funded the emergence of this elite to serve a population facing severe discrimination and persecution following the aborted Reconstruction.
But with help from the ABHMS
society, the Baptist faith slowly began to grow in the mountains.
Baker, Baptist History of the North Pacific Coast (Philadelphia: ABHMS
, 1912); Roy Johnson, Northwest Southern Baptists (Portland, OR: Baptist General Convention of Oregon-Washington, 1968); Albert Wardin, Baptists in Oregon (Nashville, TN: Curley Printing, 1969); and Cecil Sims, Roy Johnson, and Max Daley, Northwest Southern Baptists, 1884-1998 (Vancouver, WA: Northwest Baptist Historical Society, 1998).
The ABHMS also sought to use only American Baptist Publishing Society (ABPS) materials in the Freedman schools and pressed their ministerial graduates to use only ABPS materials in their churches.
Because many of the black Baptists in Texas and throughout the South had been educated in ABHMS-sponsored Freedman Schools and because the ABHMS had not supported slavery in the Baptist schism of 1845, Boyd's publishing venture not welcomed by the TNBC whose members did not want to break from the ABPS.
Brooks of the ABHMS denounced any form of Americanization that devalued ancestral heritage.
A September 1920 letter questioning Americanization, immigration, and missions confirmed that these topics were not theoretical discussions for the ABHMS.
The LaCreole church did not attend the next year's meeting in protest of Willamette's decision to promote Sunday Schools and to cooperate with the ABHMS
and American Baptist Publication Society (ABPS).