ABSMs (for example, neighbourhood income, and indices of deprivation or marginalization) can be linked to administrative and clinical data to enable monitoring of disparities between populations of different social and economic characteristics.
With an increased understanding of ABSMs and their use in health utilization research, learners come away with a better understanding of how to target their approaches to health planning, promotion and prevention, and are better equipped to act to reduce disparities in their respective jurisdictions.
CPHI's sponsorship of this special issue of the Canadian Journal of Public Health--with its focus on area-based socio- economic measures --aims to promote the discussion of the usefulness and limitations of ABSMs among Canadian front-line planners and decision-makers, and to provide a means of comparing and contrasting different measures.
The quality assurance program must address inter-scorer reliability with the D ABSM
based on epoch comparisons and at least three other quality assurance indicators.
Originally created to bypass the problem of suppression of income data at small scales, the new version of the ABSM (SEFI-2) includes census variables related to material and social deprivation, including income, similar to the Deprivation Index used in Quebec.
Single-component measures, such as neighbourhood income, are a common example; multiple-component area-based measures of deprivation are another instance of ABSMs.
While much of this history may be largely unknown today, there is no doubt that considerable interest in ABSMs has arisen over the last two decades.
Used in this way, ABSMs serve as an operational compromise for individual-level characteristics, for which they serve as a proxy.
The resulting factor scores were the ABSM values used in subsequent analyses.
With the adoption of the DA by Statistics Canada in 2001, the inclusion of income as a direct measure of economic status in the ABSM was possible.
Together with the SEFI-2, these deprivation ABSMs, along with a simple ABSM measure (income), were compared with measures of health status.
There is remarkable consistency in the ordering of PMR and SEFI-2, the (mostly) suburban areas of the city having low ABSM scores and low PMRs.