A civil war between government and the Free Aceh
Movement, which is fighting for independence, has been raging since 1976 in Aceh
, located in the northernmost part of the island of Sumatra.
This still left many Chinese trapped in Aceh
without food and water.
The waste generated by the tsunami in Banda Aceh
alone would equal a pile about three football fields long, three football fields wide and three stories high," Tim Walsh, the UNDP's waste management adviser, says.
The tsunami destroyed the main road between two of the province's largest cities--Meulaboh (may-OOH-lah-boh) and Banda Aceh
Our pilots then fly north to return back to Banda Aceh
for resupply and they are finding small pockets of personnel who do not have any aid.
That war was fought hardest in Aceh
, which practices a militant Islam linked to the Arabian peninsula, rather than the gentler mix of animism, Hinduism, and Islam of Java, the island where Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, is situated.
In that treaty, the Dutch agreed to grant independence to Aceh
Since Indonesia launched an offensive against the rebels on May 19, the government has kept a tight rein on foreign journalists in Aceh
, but has not closed the province off.
In 1824, the Anglo-Dutch Treaty granted Aceh
Oil- and gas-rich Aceh
was ravaged by separatist, police and military violence during a decade of antirebel operations that ended soon after President Suharto was ousted in 1998 after 32 years in power.
Unable to prevail with military force alone, Indonesia made Aceh
a separate province and in 1959 granted it "special region" status with greater autonomy.
The new government of President Abdurrahman Wahid, which has had dialogue with many parties in Aceh
, initiated human rights reports, and requested testimony from several former top generals about their roles in Aceh
, has nevertheless not been able to advance peace or bring an end to human rights abuses.